NC Lawsuit: Can Non-Lawyers Speak the Law? First Amendment Clash Over Legal Advice


A new lawsuit filed in federal court argues that the North Carolina’s prohibition on nonlawyers providing limited legal services violates the First Amendment. The suit, brought by the North Carolina Justice for All Project and the national Institute for Justice, contends that the state’s Unlawful Practice of Law (UPL) laws unconstitutionally restrict speech and deprive residents of opportunities for less expensive legal advice.

The plaintiffs argue that the UPL laws are overly broad and sweeping, prohibiting nonlawyers from providing even basic legal services, such as helping clients with simple legal forms or representing them in uncontested divorces. They say that the laws stifle competition in the legal industry and make it more difficult for people to access affordable legal help.

The plaintiffs point to other states that have successfully expanded access to legal services by allowing nonlawyers to provide limited legal services. For example, in California, nonlawyers can provide legal services under the supervision of a licensed attorney. In Oregon, nonlawyers can represent clients in limited civil matters, such as landlord-tenant disputes.

The plaintiffs argue that North Carolina could adopt a similar limited licensing system, which would allow nonlawyers to provide more affordable legal services to residents. They say that this would create a win-win situation, benefiting both consumers and the legal profession. Consumers would have access to more affordable legal help, while the legal profession would benefit from increased competition.

The lawsuit is still in its early stages, but it could have a significant impact on the legal landscape in North Carolina. If the plaintiffs are successful, it could open up the door for more nonlawyers to provide legal services, which could make it more affordable for people to get the help they need.

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